Identification of resting-state networks using dynamic brain perfusion SPECT imaging: A fSPECT case report

Connectivity studies with nuclear medicine systems are scarce in literature. They mainly employ PET imaging and group level analyses due to the low temporal resolution of PET and especially SPECT imaging. Our current study analyses connectivity at an individual level using dynamic SPECT imaging, which has been enabled by the improved temporal resolution performances provided by the 360°CZT cameras. We present the case of an 80-year-old man referred for brain perfusion SPECT imaging for cognitive disorders for whom a dynamic SPECT acquisition was performed utilizing a 360°CZT camera (temporal sampling of 15 frames × 3 s, 10 frames × 15 s, 14 frames × 30 s), followed by a conventional static acquisition of 15 m. Functional SPECT connectivity (fSPECT) was assessed through a seed correlation analysis and 5 well-known resting-state networks were identified: the executive, the default mode, the sensory motor, the salience, and the visual networks. This case report supports the feasibility of fSPECT imaging to identify well known resting-state networks, thanks to the novel properties of a 360°CZT camera, and opens the way to the development of more dedicated functional connectivity studies using brain perfusion SPECT imaging.

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